What Color Is the Roof of the Mouth of a Jack Russell Terrier?

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.

One way of knowing whether your dog is healthy is to observe it for any changes. This includes changes in weight if the fur is thinning and even the color of its mouth. You have to know the initial color so you can tell if there are any changes or not.

So, what color is the roof of the mouth of a Jack Russell terrier?

What Color Is the Roof of the Mouth of a Jack Russell Terrier?

The color of the roof of the mouth of a Jack Russell terrier is pink. The color of the roof of the mouth is the same as that of the gums, tongue, and whole mouth. When you press the roof of the mouth with your finger, the color should become paler or whitish before returning to the original color.

If you notice the color of the roof of the mouth having pigmentations or changing, you should take your Jack Russell to the vet. This pigmentation may be expected in some breeds; however, it is not customary in Jacks. It may indicate a medical issue that you need to get checked out.

A Jack Russell terrier yawning

How to Take Care of Your Jack Russell’s Mouth

Besides checking the color of the roof of the mouth, you must take care of your dog’s whole mouth. This includes the teeth, gums, and tongue.


The gums of a JRT are bubble gum pink. It could indicate something more severe if you notice they are a different color. Some of the colors you may notice include:

  • White or pale pink gums: This indicates a lack of hemoglobin which is more often a sign of acute blood loss or anemia. The standard color of the gums fades because the blood circulating is not enough.
  • Blue gums: This indicates a decrease in oxygen in the blood supply of your furry friend. This condition is referred to as cyanosis. It can be caused by congestive heart failure, Pneumonia, and pulmonary thromboembolism.
  • Bright red gums indicate that your dog may be overheated or have gingivitis or stomatitis. They can also be a sign of an infection in the gums.

Most gum problems can be treated. Some may need surgery, such as oral tumors on the gums, oxygen therapy for issues related to the respiratory system, or blood transfusion due to blood loss or anemia. You can also prevent gum problems by providing proper dental care, regular brushing, and avoiding smoking near your dog.


Taking care of your dog’s teeth involves brushing them regularly, using plaque prevention products, and giving your furry friend dental chews. When you are brushing its teeth:

  • Ensure it is comfortable before you start prodding its mouth.
  • Start by touching its muzzle and rubbing along its gums and teeth using your finger.
  • If they stay calm, bring out the brush and let your furry friend smell it before you apply dog toothpaste and start brushing its teeth.
  • Ensure you do not rush the process as you do not want it to develop a negative attitude towards brushing.

Ensure the products you use when brushing its teeth are dog friendly and are appropriate for your dog. You should also ensure that your furry friend has an oral exam by the vet at least two times a year. During the oral examination, the vet will look for indications of dental issues such as:

  • Pain or swelling in or around the mouth
  • Plaque buildup
  • Broken or loose teeth
  • Discolored teeth
  • Retained baby teeth
  • Bleeding gums
A close-up image of a Jack Russell terrier's mouth

Related Questions

Other similar questions on your Jack’s oral health are answered below.

Why Are My Jack Russell’s Gums Bleeding When Brushing?

Your Jack’s gums may bleed when brushing for several reasons, including, it suffering from gingivitis, you are not using the appropriate toothbrush, or you are using too much force when brushing your dog’s teeth.  You should schedule a visit to the vet as soon as you notice the bleeding gums.

How Can I Tell if My Jack Russell Has a Tooth Infection?

You can tell your Jack Rusell has a tooth infection from how it no longer chews on its toys or pulls away when you touch its head. If you notice these signs, you can check the teeth on your own before you take your dog to the vet for a more thorough exam.

How Can You Check Your Jack’s Refill Time?

You can check your Jack’s refill time by gently lifting its lips and pressing your index finger into its gum for a few seconds before removing it. The amount of time it takes for the color to go back to normal is the refill time.


It is essential to be aware of how your dog looks when it is healthy. This will make it easier for you to know when it is not in its best shape. Being observant when it comes to your furry friend can make a massive difference as it will influence how soon you take it to the vet when you notice things are not well.